Hydro accounted for 29.5%, followed by 7.1% from wind farms, 3.2% in photovoltaic volumes, 2.7% from geothermal facilities and 1.3% in supply from systems running on biomass, biofuels and various sources. Renewables enabled a record output last year: 131.9 TWh.
Total electricity production declined 1.33% to 300.1 TWh, said Güyad, founded in 2016. The calculations reveal the share of solar power climbed to 3.18% or 9.55 TWh from 2.56% or 7.8 TWh. In terms of installed capacity, the segment came in at 6.55% or 6 GW, out of 91.34 GW in total in terms of primary sources. In 2018, electricity from solar arrays made up 5.72%.
The share of geothermal plants climbed just 0.21 points to 1.66%. The wind power sector strengthened 0.35 points to 8.26% and the biomass item expanded 0.12 points to 1.25%. Hydropower took up 31.2% or 0.74 points less than in the previous year.
Hydropower units had the capacity of 28.49 GW at the end of December, translating to a jump of 9.91 points to a 29.47% share – mostly at the expense of natural gas. It compares to 1.51 GW in geothermal or a 0.3-point rise to 2.74%.
Wind turbines landed at 7.54 GW and 7.13% or 0.59 points higher than in 2018. Stations making electricity from biofuels, waste and other sources had 1.14 GW. Their cut was boosted 0.15 points to 1.34%.
Domestic power demand was met by green energy at a rate of 46%. Electricity consumption has fallen 0.59% to 290.45 TWh, according to Turkish Electricity Transmission Co., Teiaş. In its methodology, total power output dipped 0.93% to 291.22 TWh.
Imports to neighboring countries slumped 10.3% to 2.11 TWh and exports weakened 9.3% to 2.79 TWh.
The Ministry of Energy and Natural Resources has announced the share of local and renewable energy sources in generating electricity reached a record 64% in the first ten months of last year and topping the target, set at two thirds. The objective by 2023 is 65%.